General

Matters of the art

Archaeology in the Media - Wed, 2014-04-23 01:54
The West Australian - Travel - Wed, 23 Apr 2014 00:54:25 GMT
ancient 2¶, archaeological 3¶, norman 13¶
Categories: General

Mitigation works ordered over rare Bronze Age valley

Archaeology in the Media - Wed, 2014-04-23 01:12
Irish Examiner - Wed, 23 Apr 2014 00:12:15 GMT
bronze age h, 1¶, archaeological 3¶, archaeologists 3, 4¶
Categories: General

Drones Aid Archaeologists In Exploring Ancient Sites, UAVs Like A ‘New Set Of Eyes’ In Remote Areas

Archaeology in the Media - Wed, 2014-04-23 00:41
IBTimes (US) - Science - Tue, 22 Apr 2014 23:41:34 GMT
archaeologists h, 1, 3¶, ancient h¶, sites h, 2¶, archaeological 2, 3¶
Categories: General

VIDEO: Money on wheels: Banking goes mobile

BBC test - Wed, 2014-04-23 00:02
UK banks are expanding their use of mobile branches. Brian Milligan reports on the new banks on wheels.
Categories: General

Northern Soul all-nighter to grab sound from floorboards at Manchester's Victoria Baths

24 Hour Museum - Wed, 2014-04-23 00:00
Ten-day arts festival Un-Rest has begun at Manchester's Restoration-winning Victoria Baths. Morris Dancers and bodybuilders play their part in a show of powerful physicality.
Categories: General

St George's Day fun: Where to slay dragons and meet medieval knights this weekend

24 Hour Museum - Wed, 2014-04-23 00:00
Puppet dragons, circus skills, archery and falcons all feature as take a look at some of the galleries and heritage sites enjoying St George's Day. Ancient castles often star.
Categories: General

Museums at Night 2014: Win a night at the Faber Poetry Archive with an exclusive reading

24 Hour Museum - Wed, 2014-04-23 00:00
Five lucky winners will be heading for a night in the Faber Poetry Archive in London's Bloomsbury on May 15 in our exclusive Museums at Night competition.
Categories: General

Happy birthday William Shakespeare: Ten exhibits celebrating Shakespeare in UK galleries

24 Hour Museum - Wed, 2014-04-23 00:00
On what would have been his 450th birthday, we take a look at a plaster-cast made when Shakespeare died, a volume of his plays which went to the Arctic, folios and portraits.
Categories: General

Somewhat Abstract offers painting, sculpture and more visual 'crack' in Nottingham

24 Hour Museum - Wed, 2014-04-23 00:00
Nottingham Contemporary borrows 98 works from the Arts Council Collection to stage a visual essay on the relative merits of abstraction.
Categories: General

The Chili Pepper as We Know It Was Born in Mexico, Scientists Find

Archaeology in the Media - Tue, 2014-04-22 23:22
Softpedia - Science - Tue, 22 Apr 2014 22:22:23 GMT
researchers 1¶, archaeological 4¶
Categories: General

Neandertal populations were small (+ differences along the Neandertal/sapiens evolutionary lineages)

Archaeology in the Media - Tue, 2014-04-22 23:02
Dienekes' Anthropology Blog (Weblog) - Tue, 22 Apr 2014 22:02:55 GMT
neandertal h, 1¶, neandertals 1¶, archaeology 2¶
Categories: General

Drones unearth details on buried ancient village in New Mexico

Archaeology in the Media - Tue, 2014-04-22 22:32
New York Post - Tue, 22 Apr 2014 21:32:53 GMT
unearth h, 1¶, ancient h, 1¶, archaeologists 1, 2, 3, 5¶, site 1¶, discovery 2¶, archaeological 2¶
Categories: General

Lewis W. Diuguid: Guatemala must create more jobs and end poverty

Archaeology in the Media - Tue, 2014-04-22 21:40
Gulf Today - Opinion - Tue, 22 Apr 2014 20:40:53 GMT
mayan 3, 5¶, archaeological 5¶
Categories: General

VIDEO: Cable warns firms on 'ridiculous' pay

BBC test - Tue, 2014-04-22 21:35
Business Secretary Vince Cable talks to BBC Business Editor Kamal Ahmed about his warning to FTSE 100 companies on executive pay
Categories: General

Scientists: Humans Left Africa Earlier Than Previously Thought

Archaeology in the Media - Tue, 2014-04-22 21:06
NewsMax - Technology - Tue, 22 Apr 2014 20:06:11 GMT
researchers 1¶, paleoanthropologist 4¶, roman 8¶
Categories: General

Evolutionary advantages over extinct types of humans

Archaeology in the Media - Tue, 2014-04-22 20:29
Heritage Daily - Tue, 22 Apr 2014 19:29:26 GMT
Categories: General

Evolutionary advantages over extinct types of humans

Heritage Daily - Tue, 2014-04-22 20:24
In parallel with modern man (Homo sapiens), there were other, extinct  types of humans with whom we lived side by side, such as Neanderthals and the recently discovered Denisovans of Siberia. Yet only Homo sapiens survived. What was it in our genetic makeup that gave us the advantage?

The truth is that little is known about our unique genetic makeup as distinguished from our archaic cousins, and how it contributed to the fact that we are the only species among them to survive. Even less is known about our unique epigenetic makeup, but it is exactly such epigenetic changes that may have shaped our own species.

While genetics deals with the DNA sequence itself and the heritable changes in the DNA (mutations), epigenetics deals with heritable traits that are not caused by mutations. Rather, chemical modifications to the DNA can efficiently turn genes on and off without changing the sequence. This epigenetic regulatory layer controls where, when and how genes are activated, and is believed to be behind many of the differences between human groups.

Indeed, many epigenetic changes distinguish us from the Neanderthal and the Denisovan, researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Europe have now shown.

In an article just published in Science, Dr. Liran Carmel, Prof. Eran Meshorer and David Gokhman of the Alexander Silberman Institute of Life sciences at the Hebrew University, along with scientists from Germany and Spain, have reconstructed, for the first time, the epigenome of the Neanderthal and the Denisovan. Then, by comparing this ancient epigenome with that of modern humans, they identified genes whose activity had changed only in our own species during our most recent evolution.

Among those genetic pattern changes, many are expressed in brain development. Numerous changes were also observed in the immune and cardiovascular systems, whereas the digestive system remained relatively unchanged.

On the negative side, the researchers found that many of the genes whose activity is unique to modern humans are linked to diseases like Alzheimer’s disease, autism and schizophrenia, suggesting that these recent changes in our brain may underlie some of the psychiatric disorders that are so common in humans today.

By reconstructing how genes were regulated in the Neanderthal and the Denisovan, the researchers provide the first insight into the evolution of gene regulation along the human lineage and open a window to a new field that allows the studying of gene regulation in species that went extinct hundreds of thousands of years ago.

Header Image : WikiPedia

Contributing Source : Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Categories: General

Epigenetic changes that distinguish us from Neanderthal and Denisovan

Archaeology in the Media - Tue, 2014-04-22 20:20
Past Horizons - Tue, 22 Apr 2014 19:20:53 GMT
Categories: General

VIDEO: UK debt wall 'falling down'

BBC test - Tue, 2014-04-22 20:20
The UK economy may be starting to recover, but the country's levels of debt still remain among the highest in the developed world.
Categories: General

Epigenetic changes that distinguish us from Neanderthal and Denisovan

Past Horizons - Tue, 2014-04-22 20:14
Scientists have reconstructed, for the first time, the epigenome of the Neanderthal and the Denisovan in order to make a comparison with modern humans
Categories: General
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