A View From The Air: Aerial Survey With The Royal Commission

Heritage of Wales News - Thu, 2015-05-14 15:21
Safely landed at Haverfordwest Airport (K. Davies)I’m a current PhD student at Swansea University, studying digital heritage and archaeology in Wales. Through Swansea University I was offered a heritage skills training placement with Toby Driver at the Royal Commission, giving me the opportunity to gain experience of the aerial survey work that the Commission carries out. Aerial survey includes monitoring the condition of scheduled ancient monuments across Wales to ensure they are not being damaged, as well as searching for previously unidentified archaeological sites from parch or cropmarks. Cropmarks appear when archaeology under the surface affects the growth rate of plants – for example plants growing over a ditch may grow taller than those around them as they can get more nutrition, whilst plants growing over a buried wall may be stunted, particularly during drought periods. This allows archaeologists to interpret the marks visible and suggest possible further investigative work. Information about these sites is made available to the public through the Royal Commissions online database Coflein.

As part of my week long placement I was given the chance to go on one of the Royal Commission’s aerial reconnaissance flights. Now it has to be said that I’m a nervous flyer at the best of times – but this was an opportunity not to be missed!  The weather was clear and sunny, with barely any wind, perfect for taking to the skies. I was quite nervous when we arrived at Haverfordwest airport, and the four-seat Cessna is by far the smallest plane I have ever been in, but after meeting the pilot and completing the safety checks I was ready to go. Once we were in the air my nervousness was (almost) forgotten; the views were incredible!

Pembrokeshire from the air (K. Davies)
Our first port of call was the current Dyfed Archaeological Trust community excavation at St Patrick’s Chapel in Whitesands Bay. They had asked us to get some aerial shots of their ongoing excavation of the early Medieval cemetery and chapel, which had been exposed during the winter storms of 2013-14. From the air the site looked great, and we got some fantastic photos of everyone hard at work. The dig continues until 22 May 2015 with daily tours for anyone who wishes to visit the site.

Excavations at St Patrick’s Chapel, NPRN: 305394, AP_2015_1168
From Whitesands bay we headed south along the Pembrokeshire coast, and around Ramsey Island.  The sea was so clear that we kept an eye out for any ancient wrecks or fish traps that may be visible, though we didn’t spot any on this trip. We passed several impressive Iron Age promontory forts, including Clawdd y Milwyr (St David’s Head Camp) complete with circles of roundhouses inside, and took photos to update the records. We carried on over Milford Haven and Pembroke Dock, and got photographs of the beautiful gardens at Picton Castle, before heading back to land in Haverfordwest. It was an amazing experience – but I was glad to make it back to land in one piece!

Dinas Fach promontory fort (K. Davies)
We got excellent photographs to update the records, including some by me during my placement, and ensure that the ancient monuments of Wales are fully protected from human or natural damage. We didn’t discover any new archaeological sites on this trip, though every year the Royal Commission identifies dozens of previously unknown sites. However there were good signs of early crop differentiation so far this year thanks so the warm spring, so if we have a dry summer watch this space…

By Kelly Davies, Swansea University

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Categories: Resources

From Wales to New Zealand and Back Again!

Heritage of Wales News - Mon, 2015-05-11 15:02
Llanelltyd Bridge (NPRN 95424) c.1830 watercolour, DI2015_0070
The generosity of the public in donating records to the National Monuments Record of Wales is always inspiring, but items seldom travel from the other side of the world to find a home in our archive collections. In the case of this charming watercolour of Llanelltyd Bridge however, the painting has made the trip both ways. Due to the incredibly kind donation by Avril Stott and David Haigh of Auckland, New Zealand, we are very pleased to add the work to our collections and make it available to the public. How the painting came to make its way to New Zealand in the first place is unknown, but the watercolour appears to be of early nineteenth-century date, and is typical of the sort of images painted by genteel tourists to Wales during this period.

The bridge, near Dolgellau, consists of five elliptical arches and is thought to date from the second quarter of the eighteenth century, possibly replacing an earlier bridge of medieval date.The painting views the crossing from the south and clearly depicts the village of Llanelltyd in the background, with the tower of St Illtyd’s Church prominent amongst the trees. A new concrete bridge was constructed in the 1980s to carry motor traffic, though the bridge continues to be used as a footbridge.

Llanelltyd Bridge from the southwest, 2008, DS2008_004_003
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Categories: Resources

Sister Ship to Gallipoli Landing Craft Lost in Welsh Waters

Heritage of Wales News - Thu, 2015-05-07 09:13
In the past month, when many nations have been commemorating the human losses of the Gallipoli campaign, the Royal Commission has discovered that a small vessel lost off the North Wales in 1948 was built to the same design as the Allied landing craft which took part.

Launch of one of the twelve x-lighters built by Irvine Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, West Hartlepool, in 1915. Reproduced with the kind permission of Bert Spaldin. (
The Gallipoli peninsula is in modern-day Turkey but in 1915 it was part of the Ottoman Empire – and the Ottomans were fighting alongside Germany. The Allied plan was to land forces at Gallipoli, move inland to take the capital Constantinople (now Istanbul) and take control the Dardenelles, a vital sea route into the Black Sea for their ally Russia. The rugged terrain and small number of suitable landing beaches created logistical problems. However, in February 1915, James Pollock & Son were asked on behalf of the Admiralty to design and oversee the construction of 200 motor landing craft. Twenty-seven shipyards in the northeast England and three on the Clyde were subsequently appointed to construct these X-lighters.

The Gallipoli landings followed a naval assault and began on 25 April 1915 at six beaches. The ground forces included the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC), regular British 29th Division, and the French Oriental Expeditionary Corps. The Ottoman troops occupied good defensive positions and inflicted many casualties. Fifteen awards of the Victoria Cross were made amongst the Allied infantry and sailors in the first two days. So began a terrible eight-month ordeal. The X-lighters were eventually used to withdraw all Allied troops on 7-9 January 1916.

Later in 1916, a further 25 X-lighters were ordered by the Admiralty. The RIVER LOYNE was one of these - designated X 215 and built by J T Eltringham & Co Ltd, Willington Quay, North Tyneside.

X30, X31 and X32 being completed in dry dock of the Irvine Shipbuilding Company. Reproduced with the kind permission of Bert Spaldin. (
After the war, many lighters were sold off. This is how X 215 eventually ended up in the ownership of R Gardener of Lancaster, carrying stone from the Penmaenmawr quarry to Liverpool. On 8 December 1948, the vessel foundered off Puffin Island with the tragic loss of all its crew.

Although the RIVER LOYNE/ X215’s wartime history is still being researched, we’d like to take this opportunity to recognise the sacrifices made by people from so many countries and the bravery shown on all sides during one of the most iconic and controversial campaigns of the Great War.

Remembering all who gave their lives for their country but who have no grave but the sea.

Follow this link to discover first-hand accounts of Welsh soldier who took part:

By Deanna Groom, Maritime Officer, RCAHMW

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Categories: Resources

National Monuments Record of Wales Archives and Library Bulletin - April 2015

Heritage of Wales News - Thu, 2015-04-30 15:07
Welcome to the latest monthly edition of the National Monuments Record of Wales (NMRW) Archives and Library Bulletin which lists all newly catalogued material. The archival items, library books and journal articles are all available to view in our public reading room. The full archive catalogue is available on Coflein and contains digital copies of many of the items listed.

Our Library and reading room is open:
Monday – Friday 09.30 – 16.00, Wednesday 10.30 – 16.30.
An appointment is advisable.
April 2015


Cotswold Archaeology Projects Archive
Further additions to this collection of project archives produced by Cotswold Archaeology. Ref No CA034 to CA037
Date range: 2013-2015

Investigators’ Digital Photography
  • Photographs of Tank Trap at the head of Happy Valley near Pennal, 2011. C604005
  • Photographs of Montgomery Castle, 2015. C604009
  • Photographs of St Nicholas Church, Montgomery, from Montgomery Castle, 2015. C604021
  • Photographs of Ford at Cresswell Quay, 2015. C604051
  • photographs of the Fairbourne military defences after the winter storms of 2013-14, 2015. C604067
  • Photographic Survey of Hen Dy cwrdd, Trecynon, 2014. C604726
  • Photographic survey of Hen Gapel, Rhydowen, 2014. C605684
  • Digital photographs of Belmont House, Presteigne, 2015. C605185
  • Digital photographs of Pemprys, Ysgubor-y-coed, 2015. C605187

NMR Site Files
  • Rhuddlan Castle; black and white photographs taken by B.C. Clayton, transferred from National Buildings Record.
  • Caerphilly Castle; black and white photographs taken by B.C. Clayton, transferred from National Buildings Record. 1929
  • Caerleon Amphitheatre; black and white photographs taken by B.C. Clayton, transferred from National Buildings Record. 1929 C603779
  • Caerwent Church; black and white photographs taken by B.C. Clayton, transferred from National Buildings Record. 1929
  • Paulinus Stone, Caerwent; black and white photographs taken by B.C. Clayton, transferred from National Buildings Record. 1929
  • St Mary’s Church, Capel y Ffin; black and white photographs taken by B.C. Clayton, transferred from National Buildings Record. 1929
  • Monmouth; black and white photographs taken by B.C. Clayton, transferred from National Buildings Record. 1929
  • St Mary's Church Capel y Ffin; black and white photographs taken by RCAHMW.1929
  • St Benedict's Church, Gyffin; black and white photographs taken by RCAHMW.
  • Peat House, Tal-y-fan; black and white photographs taken by RCAHMW.
  • Ffynnon Bedr Cottage; black and white photographs taken by RCAHMW.

Interior view of Ffynnon-Bedr, Llanbedr y Cennin, taken 25.07.50.
  • St Peter's Church, Llanbedr-y-cennin; black and white photographs taken by RCAHMW.
  • Cyll Gwynion; black and white photographs taken by RCAHMW. 1951
  • Black and white prints of Menai Suspension Bridge, Menai Bridge.
  • Images of Denbigh Castle from National Buildings Record
  • Photo survey of Dolaugwyn, produced by RCAHMW.
  • Measured drawings and sketch plans of 2 High Street, Holywell produced by Geoff Ward following his site visit of March 2015.
  • Colour photographs showing roof timbers in St Ffraid's Church, Llansanffraid taken by Geoff Ward, undated.
  • Plan, cross-section and detail drawing of St Hilary’s, Llanilar produced by Geoff Ward. 1995
  • Photo survey of St Hilary's Church, produced by Geoff Ward. 1995 Colour photos and negatives produced by Geoff Ward during his site visit.
  • Field notes/drawings produced by Geoff ward during his site visit. St Hilary's Church, produced by Geoff Ward. 1995
  • Site plan and six colour photos showing Pemprys produced by Geoff Ward, undated.
  • Site plan, sketch plan and one colour photo showing Cae Mardin produced by Geoff Ward, 2001.
  • Site plan and one colour photo showing Dynyn Farmstead produced by Geoff Ward.
  • Site plan and six colour photos showing Bwlch-einion farmstead produced by Geoff Ward.
  • Site plan and four colour photos showing Bwlch-y-maen farmstead produced by Geoff Ward, undated.
  • Interior and exterior views of St Marys Church, Eglwys Rhos taken 01.01.48.

View of wooden spoon dated 1770 from St Marys Church, Eglwys Rhos taken 01.01.48. C603792
  • St Benedicts Church, Gyffin including detail of rood screen and ceiling paintings at taken 30.09.48.
  • Interior view of St Peters Church, Llanbedr y Cennin, taken 08.05.48.
  • Exterior view of cottage at Gyffin, taken 30.09.48.
  • Stereoscopic view of castellated gatehouse in Reigate.
  • Stereoscopic view of Rhyl Town from the pier by Francis Bedford of the North Wales Illustrated.
  • Stereoscopic view of Conway Castle seen from the suspension bridge by Francis Bedford of the North Wales Illustrated. Acetate.
  • Stereoscopic view of Old Town Wales (Southampton?) by Wiseman Photographs.
  • Stereoscopic view of St Mary's Church, Haverfordwest.
  • View of the ground floor of the Market Hall, Llanidloes by G B Mason. 1956
  • View of Menai Bridge, Anglesey by F T S Houghton.
  • Engraving and text of the north east view of Denbigh Castle.
Vernon D. Emmanuel Collection
Digital photographs showing views of iron works, collieries, brickworks and other industrial sites in South Wales scanned from photographs taken between 1970 and 1990 by Vernon David Emmanuel and deposited in the NMR by his son David Tudor Emmanuel. C604461

David Jones Slate Workers Housing Archive
Collection of material including photographs, research notes, discussion paper and dissertation relating to slate workers housing, produced or collated by David G. Jones between 1970-80

D.W. Crossley Collection
Collection of papers and illustrative material produced or collated by D.W. Crossley relating to excavations at Knock Rath and Merryborough Camp, Pembrokeshire, produced by D.W. Crossley.

Bryan Taylor Mills Collection
Research papers relating to mills, mainly in Wales, compiled by Bryan Taylor and comprising notes, reports, newspaper cuttings, drawings, photographs and slides.

Archaeological Reports/Evaluations (non Trust)
Project archive for an industrial heritage survey of Garth Industrial Estate carried out by CgMs Consulting for Castell International Limited, 2014-2015. C604025

Christopher J. Williams Mines Photographs
Colour photos showing views of Cefn y Gist Mine and Talar Goch mine, produced by C.J. Williams, 2008 – 2012

Colour photo showing general view of Cefn y Gist Mine, produced by C.J. Williams, 2008. C605167
Colour photo showing scaffold around the Clive Engine House at Talar Goch Mine, produced by C.J. Williams, 2012.
Geoff Ward Slide Collection
Colour slides of mainly vernacular buildings in Wales, produced by Geoff Ward during his career at RCAHMW. Ref No GWSC038 to GWSC187

Including photographs of the following sites. Date range: 1997-2005
  • Mona Inn, Holyhead Road
  • 10 Castle Street, Beaumaris
  • 45 Swansea Road, Hirwaun
  • Home Farm, Llandefalle
  • Buildings at Neuadd, Trecastle
  • Pen y Wern, Llanspyddid
  • Ciliau, Erwood produced
  • Hafod Llwyfog, Beddgelert
  • Interior and exterior views of Alexandra Hall, Aberystwyth
  • Siop Ffynnon Oer, Temple Bar
  • Llansantffraid Church
  • Buildings at Hafod-Las
  • Buildings at Green Grove Farm, Felin-fach
  • Nant y Gelli, Ystrad Aeron
  • Nanteos Stables
  • Felin Cwm mills, Rhydlewis
  • Troedrhiwfallen, Cribyn
  • Maesllyn Cottage, Llanon
  • Penrhiw, Bow Street
  • Gelli-Gron, Tregaron
  • Talbot Hotel, Tregaron
  • Ffos y Ffin Chapel
  • Mercantile Warehouse, Cardigan
  • Bridge Warehouse, Cardigan
  • Aberystwyth Gas Works
  • Tennis Pavilion, Aberystwyth
  • Interior views of D. Evans, Jewellers 39/41 Great Darkgate Street, Aberystwyth
  • Seabank Hotel 5, 6 and 7 Victoria Terrace, Aberystwyth
  • Old Black Lion, Pontrhydfendigaid
  • Skinner Street Chapel, Aberystwyth
  • Views in Laura Place, Aberystwyth
  • 20 Quay Street, Cardigan
  • Felin Hafod Wen, Cribyn
  • Cwm Bychan Farmhouse and Farm Buildings
  • Maes Glas Old and New Chapels, Ysbyty Ystwyth
  • Ysbyty Ystwyth Old and New Churches
  • Siop Fach, Neuadd Llwyd
  • Trawsgoed Mansion
  • Gwar Cwm Uchaf
  • Gwar Drysgol
  • Brock Hill, Borth
  • Trefynnor Isaf
  • Nant Crafanglach, Cwm Ystwyth
  • Llwynpiod, Synod Inn
  • Moorlands, Borth
  • Pier Cottage, Quay Parade
  • Ty'n y Cwm, Llanon
  • Ty Round, Llyswen, Aberaeron
  • Pen Lan Isaf, Llanfihangel-y-creuddyn
  • Cwrt y Cwm, Llanfarian
  • Oak House, Carmarthen
  • Cil-maen-llwyd, Dyffryn Cennen
  • Ty Hir, Talley
  • Myrtle Hill, Llansawel
  • Lleniau (Beilu Mawr), Llangeler
  • Legar, Meidrim
  • Marchogllwyn Farm Buildings, Pontyberem
  • Pen Bak Farm, Llandissilio West
  • Gilfach y Berthog, Abergwili
  • Neuadd Fawr, Llanwrda
  • Banc y Gwyn Farmstead, Llansadawrn
  • Garn Farm, Llanddarog
  • Fron-ganol Farm, Llanboidy
  • Llanboidy Church
  • Cwm Tywyll Farm, Llandyssul
  • 18 Queen Street , Carmarthen
  • Ty Melyn, Ffairfach
  • 51 King Street , Carmarthen
  • Bryn Farmhouse, Halghton
  • Rose Cottage, Ruthin
  • Llewenni Hall Stables, Denbigh
  • Llewenni Uchaf, outbuildings
  • Tan y Llan house and outbuildings, Bronwylfa
  • Midland Bank, Wrexham
  • Dee Mill
  • Malt House, Llansilin
  • Tan Llan, Llanefydd
  • Talwrn House and outbuildings, Marchwiel
  • Island Green Malthouse
  • Baptist Chapel, Henllan Place
  • Llewenni Uchaf outbuildings
  • Moeliwrch, Llansilin
  • 12 Bridge Street, Llanfyllin
  • Ruinous Bettisfield windmill tower, Cadney Bank
  • Bagillt Lock-up
  • Camfa Rhinallt barns, Leeswood
  • Nerquis Hall outbuildings
  • Exchange House, Holywell
  • Buildings in Holywell
  • Mill Road Cottage, Horseman’s Green
  • Glasshouses at Nerquis Hall
  • St Thomas' Church, Pantbach Road, Cardiff
  • Vulcan House, Aberystwyth
  • 46 Swansea Road, Hirwaun
  • Castleton Farm Buildings, St Athan
  • Malt House, Llantrisant
  • West Orchard Farmhouse
  • Boverton Place Barn, Llantwit Major
  • Seamouth Cottage, Southerndown
  • Parish Hall, Llantrisant
  • Buildings and features at Hetty Pit, Great Western Colliery
  • Llwydiarth, Aberllefenni
  • Brook House, Caldicot
  • Ty Hwnt y Bwlch, Crucorney
  • 20-22 Drybridge Street, Monmouth
  • Great Milton, Llanwern
  • Waun Dew, Beaufort
  • Tir Bach, Pontypool
  • The Grange, house and outbuildings, Llangattock
  • Newport Market
  • Newport Crown Court
  • Coity House, Blaenavon
  • 12 Castle Street, Brecon
  • Upper House, Crickhowell
  • Gaer Fawr, Guilsfield
  • Elerch, Churchstoke
  • Snead Farm, Churchstoke
  • Stone House Farm
  • 14 Broad Street, Newtown
  • Buildings in Crown Street, Newtown
  • Gorphwysfa Farmstead
  • Plas Machynlleth
  • London House, Llanfyllin
  • The Old Brewery, Llanfyllin
  • Corn Warehouse, Pembroke
  • Dovecot at Great Nash Farm
  • House and outbuildings at Llawhaden House
  • Outbuildings at Llangwarren Farm
  • Farm buildings at Carnachen Wen, Mathry
  • Poyer's Arms, Templeton
  • Felin Pant y Deri, Llanfair Nant-gwyn
  • Llanreithin House
  • Coedcanlais Farmhouse, Martletwy
  • Commerce House, Haverfordwest
  • Penrhos, Llanstephan
  • 34-35 Market Street, Knighton
  • Gethin Farmhouse, Clyro
  • Hergest, Glascwm
  • Clatterbrune, Presteigne
  • Blaen y Cwm Farmhouse, Llangunllo
  • Farmhouse and buildings at Pilleth Court, Whitton
  • Tabernacle Chapel, Aberystwyth
  • The kitchen garden at Penllergaer
  • Ty'r Godwith, Blaenavon
  • The greenhouse at Clyne, Mumbles
  • 35-37 Eastgate, Aberystwyth (St Davids Club)
  • 36 Eastgate, Aberystwyth
  • 9-11 Pier Street, Aberystwyth
  • 19 Pier Street, Aberystwyth
  • Bellevue Royal Hotel, Aberystwyth
  • Blue Bell, Aberystwyth
  • Pant Wilco, Llanwnnen
  • Houses in Blaenplwyf, Llanfarian
  • Unnamed house on road between Llanrhystud and Trefilan
  • Corner House, Gladestry
  • Grove Farmstead, Knighton
  • Old Vicarage, Llowes
  • Borras Hall, Holt
  • Trelowgoed Farm Buildings, Llanbadarn Fawr
  • Fron Farmstead, Disserth
  • Llwyn-cwta farmstead, St Harman
  • Roof timbers at 4-9, Scottleton Street, Presteigne
  • St Cewydd's Church, Aberedw
  • Twm Tobacco's Grave, Aberedw
  • Rhiwiau Farmstead, New Radnor
  • Pantau, Aberedw
  • Well Cottage, Presteigne
  • Llawhaden House, Llawhaden
  • Hendre-Fach Barn, Nantmel
  • An unamed house in Beguildy
  • An unamed house in Llanbister
  • Stone House, Beguildy
  • Neuadd Farmhouse, Llandrindod Wells
  • Gilfach y Rhiw Farmhouse, St Harmon

Additional Information Collection
  • Colour photos The Tumble, Garn-Ddyrhys taken by Olwen Jenkins, 2002. C604625
  • Copies of measured drawings showing a number of buildings at RAF Brawdy, many of them since demolished, produced by various consultancies for the Property Services Agency. 1983-87. C604626
  • Account of Cardiff Corporation Waterworks at Llanishen Dam produced by C.H. Priestly.1923. C604837
  • Report by Andrew Hill on the historical importance of the Lisvane and Llanishen Reservoirs, 2005. C604848
  • Copies of measured drawings showing a number of buildings at RNAD Trecwn, many of them since demolished, produced by various consultancies for the Property Services Agency. 1983-87
  • Copy of site plan and list of buildings at RNMD Newton Noyes, produced for the Property Services Agency. 1992. C604884
  • Copies of measured drawings produced by The National Trust showing the military hospital at Dinefwr park (1940-46) 1992. C604885
  • Set of photographs of All Saints Church, both colour and black and white collected by Felipe Brando-Cadavid. C604922

General Digital Donations Collection
  • Digital photo survey of Gosen Chapel produced by Tony Cullen, deposited with NMRW as a condition of planning consent. C604050
  • Digital records relating to All Saints Church, Maerdy, produced by Felipe Brando_Cadavid. C604929 

RCAHMW General Scanned Image Collection
  • Digital copies of a set of twelve images showing cruck-framed buildings in Montgomeryshire, loaned for copying by David Archer, 1983. C604079

General Information Collection
  • Bound offprint from the Archaeologia Aeliana of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, entitled The Discovery of a Hoard of Roman Coins on the Wall of Hadrian, in Northumberland. By John Clayton, 1879-1880. Accompanied by a hand-written letter addressed to M. Hogg dated 28 June 1880.

D.B. Hague Slide Collection
Colour slides showing bridges (mainly suspension bridges) in Wales, produced or collated by Douglas Hague. Date range 1960-1970s. C604154.

Stephen Hughes Slide Collection
Colour slides showing the following sites, date range 1976 - 2002:
  • Buildings at Wynnstay, Ruabon
  • Interior and exterior views of the mansion and outbuildings at Wynnstay
  • Buildings at Blaenavon Ironworks
  • Nynehead Lift, Somerset
  • Woollard Copper/Brass Mill, Somerset, and Black Castle, Bristol
  • Woodborough and Woollard Copper/Brass Mills, Somerset
  • Warmley Copper/Brass Mills, Somerset, and SS Great Britain, Bristol
  • Warmley Copper/Brass Mills, and Factory East, Bristol
  • Inlet House at Warmley Copper/Brass Mills
  • Chambered tombs in Merioneth
  • chambered tomb at Dyffryn Ardudwy
  • Memorial to the industrialist Thomas Jones in Aberystwyth produced by Stephen Hughes, 1997-1999.
  • Llandudno Lighthouse and Great Orme Copper Mines produced by Stephen Hughes, 1994
  • Buildings at Blaenavon produced by Stephen Hughes, 1996.
  • Buildings in Llanstephan

Chapels in the following places. Date range 1996 to 2002:
  • Chapels in Breconshire
  • Chapels in Ruabon and Bala
  • Chapels in Colwyn Bay
  • Chapels in Cwmorthin
  • Chapels and workers housing at Beaufort
  • Chapels in Blaenavon
  • Chapel architecture in industrial communities
  • Chapels in Carmarthenshire
  • Buildings, mainly chapels at Beaufort/Brynmawr
  • Chapels at Blaenavon and Newport
  • Chapels in Monmouthshire
  • Chapels in Bala produced
  • Chapels in Dinas Mawddwy
  • Calvinistic Chapel, Bronllys
  • Chapels in Ruabon/Rhosllanerchrugog
  • Chapels in Dolgellau
  • Malthouse and chapels in Wrexham
  • Chapels in Rhosllanerchrugog
  • Chapels in Dolgellau/Bala
  • Bethel Chapel, Rhos
  • Bethlehem Chapel, Blaenavon
  • Chapels in Rhosllanerchrugog
  • Chapels in Llandudno Junction, and, produced by Stephen Hughes, 1999.
  • Chapels and churches in Ebbw Vale
  • Key chapels by Thomas and Humphrey
  • Buildings and chapels in the area around Builth, Talgarth and Trefecca,
  • Chapels in Brynmawr
  • Two Thomas Thomas chapels in Groes-wen
  • Workers housing and Thomas Thomas chapels in Gwynedd
  • Chapels in Beaufort produced
  • Memorials at Bethel Chapel, Sketty
  • Chapels at Llangurig and Llandrindod
  • Chapels and other buildings in Bangor
  • Chapels and workers housing in Ebbw Vale
  • Chapels in Llandrindod and Rhayader
  • Chapels in Swansea
  • Thomas Thomas chapels


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Bullock, Nicholas, 2002, Building the post-war world, modern architecture and reconstruction in Britain, Routledge, London.

Burton, Janet E. & Stöber, Karen, 2015, The abbeys and priories of medieval Wales, University of Wales Press, Cardiff.

Craster, O. E., 1965, (reprint), Ancient monuments of Anglesey, HMSO, London.

Creighton, Oliver Hamilton, 2013, Designs upon the land: elite landscapes of the middle ages, The Boydell Press, Suffolk.

Crew, Peter & Musson, Chris, 1996, Eryri o'r awyr, patrymau yn y tirlun, Snowdonia National Park Authority, Penrhyndeudraeth.

Croeso I eglwys gadeiriol Llanelwy/Welcome to St Asaph Cathedral, Eglwys gadeiriol Llanelwy/St Asaph cathedral, Llanelwy.

Edwards, Owen M., 1892, Cymru; Volume III, D. W. Davies a'i Gwmni, Caernarfon.

Evans, John, 1907, Yr ail fyr-gofiant, E. W. Evans, Dolgellau.

Evans, Beriah Gwynfe, 1900, Diwygwyr Cymru, B. G. Evans, Caernarfon.

Evans, E. Herber, 1893, Dysgedydd a'r hwn unwyd yr annibynwr yn cynwys, W. Hughes, Dolgellau.

Faleer, Robert A., 2009, Church woodwork in the British Isles, 110 – 1535: an annotated bibliography, Scarecrow Press Inc., Maryland USA.

Foord, Edward A., 1925, St. David's, Llandaff & Brecon, J. M. Dent & Sons, London.

Flintshire & Denbighshire C. C. & Wrexham C. B. C., (ud), The official guide to attractions in the North Wales borderlands.

French, Derek, 1985, Dictionary of accounting terms, Financial Training Publications Ltd., London.

Gibson, William and Morgan-Guy, John, (Eds.), 2015, Religion and society in the Diocese of St Davids 1485 – 2011, Ashgate Publishing, Farnham.

Gould, J., 1964, Excavations at Wall (Stafforshire), 1961-3: On the site of the early Roman forts and of the late Roman defences, Archaeological and Historical Society, Staffordshire.

Gould, J., 1967, Excavations at Wall, Stafforshire, 1964-6, on the site of the Roman forts, Archaeological and Historical Society, Staffordshire.

Green, H. S.,1980, Excavations at Pontnewydd Cave, Clwyd, 1978-80, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff.

Gwyn, David, 2015, Llechi Cymru: Archaeoleg a Hanes, CBHC/RCAHMW, Aberystwyth.

Gwyn, David, 2015, Welsh Slate: Archaeology and History of an Industry, CBHC/RCAHMW, Aberystwyth.

Hague, D. B., Lighthouses, Butterworths Scientific Publications, Powys.

Houlder, Christopher, 1974, Wales, an archaeological guide: the prehistoric, Roman and early medieval field monuments, Faber & Faber, London.

Hughes, John Peredur (Pred Hughes), 2015, Foundries, amidst the Slate Industry of NW Wales, Sara Eade, Newtown.

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Jennings, Nina, 2003, Clay Dabbins : vernacular buildings of the Solway Plain, Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, Kendal.

Jervoise, Edwyn, 1930, The ancient bridges of the south of England, The Architectural press, London.

Jones, Gwyn, 1997, A walk around Abergavenny, Abergavenny Local History Society, Abergavenny.

Letts, John, 2007, Growing straw for thatching: a guide, COHT Committee, Somerset.

Morris, James, 1911, Hanes Methodistiaeth Sir Gaerfyrddin, E. W. Evans, Dolgfellau.

Musty, A. E. S., Excavations at Waltham Abbey.

Oswald, Adrian, 1958, Observation and excavation at Manduessedum, Oxford University Press, Oxford

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Trueman, Michael, 1998, MPP oil industry, Lancaster University Archaeological Unit, Lancaster.

Wakelin, Peter, 2015, Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal World Heritage Site, Canal and River Trust & RCAHMW.

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Ancient Monuments Society Newsletter 01/2015 (Winter-Spring)

Antiquity vol. 89 no. 344 (April 2015)

British Archaeology no. 142 (May-June 2015)

Capel Newsletter no. 65 (Spring 2015) and Capel Local Information Leaflet 76: Caernarfon

Current Archaeology no. 302 (May 2015)

Etifeddiaeth y Cymry rh. 60 (Gwanwyn 2015)

Heritage in Wales no. 60 (Spring 2015)

Medieval Settlement Research vol. 29 (2014)

Melin vol. 29 (2013)

Morgannwg vol. 58 (2014)

Past no. 79 (April 2015)

Pembrokeshire Life (April 2015)

Pen Cambria no. 28 (Spring 2015)

Railway and Canal Historical Society Bulletin no. 455 (May-June 2015)

Sheetlines no. 102 (April 2015)

Site Recorder no. 1584 (April 2015)

Welsh Stone Forum Newsletter no. 12 (March 2015)

Journals Current Awareness

Ancient Monuments Society Newsletter 01/2015, p. 59: Review of Discovering the Historic Houses of Snowdonia.

British Archaeology no. 142, p. 8: Britain in Archaeology section, note about the division of English Heritage into two separate bodies, English Heritage and Historic England.

Capel Newsletter no. 65: ‘Digital Dissent: The Story of Welsh Chapels’ [about the launch of the Welsh Chapels website, a collaboration between Addoldai Cymru: The Welsh Religious Buildings Trust and RCAHMW]

Current Archaeology no. 302, p. 22: ‘Mills, down South: Exploring a forgotten heritage’ by Chris Catling

Contact us
If you have any comments or enquiries, please feel free to contact us:

NMRW Library and Enquiries Service
Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales
Crown Building,
Plas Crug,
SY23 1NJ

Telephone: +44 (0)1970 621200
Fax: +44 (0)1970 627701

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Categories: Resources

Discover the Source of the River Usk on the Royal Commission’s Big Welsh Walk: Saturday, 9 May 2015

Heritage of Wales News - Fri, 2015-04-17 08:36
Low clouds in mountains at the source of the Usk.Following last year’s successful exploration of Fan Llia to Fan Dringarth led by the Royal Commission as part of Ramblers Cymru Big Welsh Walk, held annually throughout the month of May, another exciting walk has now been planned for this year in partnership with Cadw and Ramblers Cymru. On Saturday, 9 May, senior archaeologist David Leighton will lead an informative and interesting guided walk that will take in the upper reaches of the River Usk as far as its source (below the cliffs of Fan Brycheiniog and Bannau Sir Gaer), and the far eastern side of Mynydd Du. Setting off from the parking and picnic area at Pont ar Wysg at SN82002715 and slowly climbing to 2000 foot above sea-level, this 11 km circular walk will reveal a range of sites of the prehistoric, Roman, medieval and later periods along the route. This walk of breathtaking views in the beautiful Beacon Beacons National Park will include a number of Bronze Age burial cairns, the remains of a Roman marching camp and even a large nineteenth-century sheep fold with its numerous cells. Accompanied by other Royal Commission staff, including architectural historian Richard Suggett, David Leighton will offer his historical expertise along the way sharing a wealth of knowledge gained through his many years as coordinator of the Royal Commission’s successful long-running Upland’s Project. The day promises to be great day out for keen walkers of all ages and a rare opportunity to discover more about the heritage which surrounds us!

Places for the walk are still available, although limited. For further details and booking please contact

As part of the Ramblers’ 80th anniversary celebrations, this year’s Big Welsh Walk will be bigger than ever! For further details see their website at

A list of heritage walks planned by Cadw can be found on the events page of Cadw’s website at

Ponies and stone circle in the upper Usk Valley: one of the sites on the walk.
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Categories: Resources

Two Unique Anglesey Anniversaries

Heritage of Wales News - Wed, 2015-04-08 09:30
2015 marks a unique event for a celebrated village on Anglesey – a centenary and a bi-centenary.
On the 16 September 1915, the first meeting of the Women’s Institute in Britain took place in an unassuming building in Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch (or Llanfair PG). The movement was formed in Canada in 1897. Their aim was to revitalise rural communities and encourage the local country-women to help increase supplies of domestic food supplies during the Great War. The original meeting hall still stands, beside the old A5 trunk road through the village.

There are over 200,000 members of the WI in the UK, and the movement has evolved to become the largest women’s voluntary organisation in the country.

For the second anniversary, you only have to travel a short distance to the east of the hall, to Craig y Dinas, and the striking column that was erected in 1817 as a tribute and to Henry William Paget, the first Marquis of Anglesey. The title was awarded to him in July 1815 - in recognition of his bravery and leadership at the Battle of Waterloo, where the French army, commanded by Napoleon, was defeated by the Anglo-allied army, commanded by the Duke of Wellington and the Prussian army, led by Gebhard von Blucher, on the 18 June 1815.

Paget was the cavalry commander on that day. He and Wellington were on their horses and observing the scene before them. Grape shot from one of the very last French cannon volleys of the battle hit Paget’s right knee. He looked down and said “By God, sir, I’ve lost my leg!” Wellington instantly replied “By God, sir, so you have!”

The bronze statue was a later addition to the column. It was placed there in 1860 after Paget died, at a grand old age of 85.

By Medwyn Parry

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Categories: Resources

December 2011: Heathrow Terminal 5 Excavation Archive released.

Archaeology Data Service - Wed, 2011-12-07 17:45
The ADS and Framework Archaeology are pleased to announce the release of Heathrow Terminal 5 Excavation Archive, 2011. Framework Archaeology is a Joint Venture agreement between Oxford Archaeology (OA) and Wessex Archaeology (WA) to provide archaeological services to BAA. Between 1996 and 2000 they undertook extensive excavations of an important prehistoric and Roman landscape at Perry Oaks sludge works, Heathrow, Middlesex. Further archaeological work in advance of a fifth passenger terminal ('T5') at Heathrow Airport took place from 2002 onwards, and the results of those excavations will be integrated with the data contained in this archive.
Categories: Resources

November 2011: York Archaeology wins Queen's Anniversary Prize

Archaeology Data Service - Wed, 2011-12-07 17:45
The Department of Archaeology at York University, which hosts the ADS, has been given a Queen's Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education. Introduced following the 40th Anniversary of the Queen's reign in 1992, the prizes, which rank alongside the Queen's Awards for Industry are awarded biennially for 'work of exceptional quality and of broad benefit either nationally or internationally'. This is the fifth to be conferred on the university in 15 years, only the second time it has been awarded to a whole Department.
Categories: Resources

December 2011: Settlement Hierarchies in Roman Essex data online.

Archaeology Data Service - Wed, 2011-12-07 17:45
The ADS, ASE, English Heritage and UCL are pleased to announce the release of Town and Country in Roman Essex: Settlement Hierarchies in Roman Essex datasets, This is a large scale regional study based on correspondence analysis of finds assemblages, including coins, pottery, registered finds, animal bone and vessel glass. Data was primarily gathered from existing published or archive sources and was collected from sites in Essex, south-east Cambridgeshire and London dating to the period c 50BC-AD250. The database includes linked tables on small finds, glass, pottery and coins, as well as for the following aspects of the animal bone assemblages: NSIP, MNI, tooth-wear, MNE and metrics for bone elements.
Categories: Resources

November 2011: CAA Recycle Awards announced

Archaeology Data Service - Wed, 2011-12-07 17:45
Do you use ADS data in your research? If so then the CAA Recycle award should be of interest.CAA believes that any vibrant discipline must continually return to its own roots and re-evaluate legacy data if it is to progress. Furthermore, in the field of Archaeology it provides a far less destructive means of researching the past, and maximizes the return on resources invested in fieldwork. Digital technologies have a particularly strong role to play in this regard, thanks to their ability to synthesize large volumes of information and because they often apply new techniques unavailable to the original investigators. To this end, CAA is commencing an annual CAA Recycle Award that seeks to recognize those who breathe new life into old data.
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November 2011: Parts and Wholes Project archive released

Archaeology Data Service - Fri, 2011-12-02 16:45
The ADS, The British Academy and Durham University are pleased to announce the release of Parts and Wholes: object categorisation and fragmentation in prehistoric context by J C Chapman and Bisserka Gaydarska, 2011. The 'Parts and Wholes' project is concerned with the relationship between complete objects and their fragments. The primary premise of the project can be concisely stated: deliberate object fragmentation was commonplace in the past, with widespread re-use of the ensuing fragments in an extended life 'after the break'. The project studied the artefact assemblages from Chalcolithic sites at Dolnoslav tell and the Durankulak and Varna cemeteries in Bulgaria.
Categories: Resources

October 2011: Historic Seascape Characterisation, Hastings to Purbeck

Archaeology Data Service - Thu, 2011-12-01 12:45
The ADS, SeaZone Solutions and English Heritage are pleased to announce the release of the Hastings to Purbeck and Adjacent Waters archive by SeaZone Solutions Limited, Maritime Archaeology Ltd, 2011.The project resulted in a GIS-based characterisation of the project area, extending from Hastings, Kent, to Purbeck, Dorset, along the coast and seaward across adjacent waters to the Median Line with France.
Categories: Resources

October 2011: The Virtual Amarna Project now released.

Archaeology Data Service - Thu, 2011-11-24 13:45
The ADS, the University of Arkansas and Barry Kemp are pleased to announce the release of The Virtual Amarna Project. This archive resulted from the 3D digitisation of objects from the ancient Egyptian city of Amarna using a Konica Minolta Vivid 9i system. Data includes images, 3D PDF files, meshes (obj) and point clouds (ascii). This archive was undertaken in conjunction with an electronic publication through the LEAP II project and the corresponding article (Limp et al, 2011) can be found in Internet Archaeology 30.
Categories: Resources

October 2011: Historic Seascape Characterisation, The Irish Sea (English sector)

Archaeology Data Service - Mon, 2011-10-31 15:45
The ADS, the University of Newcastle and English Heritage are pleased to announce the release of the Historic Seascape Characterisation: The Irish Sea (English sector) archive by Sam Turner, 2011. The project comprises a GIS-based historic seascape characterisation (HSC) of the English sector of the Irish Sea. HSC is guided by the same principles as Historic Landscape Characterisation, and is intended to inform coastal and marine management and planning, with particular reference to the role of English Heritage and its statutory responsibilities.
Categories: Resources

September 2011: Midlands ceramic project archive released

Archaeology Data Service - Tue, 2011-10-18 11:45
The ADS, Worcestershire Historic Environment, English Heritage and the Royal Archaeological Institute are pleased to announce the release of the Midlands purple and Cistercian-type wares in the west Midlands in the 15th-16th centuries by Susan M Wright, Derek Hurst, 2011. This project aimed to develop understanding of a major ceramics industry, its products being some of the commonest wares on late medieval to post-medieval (transitional) sites though it is an industry whose origins, dating and distribution are not sufficiently well understood.
Categories: Resources

August 2011: Medieval Britain and Ireland database updated

Archaeology Data Service - Thu, 2011-10-06 12:45
This searchable on-line database of fieldwork summaries has just been updated to include data from fieldwork carried out in 2009. Individual database records link through to unpublished reports in our on-line library of grey literature reports where appropriate. Updates to the Post-Medieval Fieldwork in Britain and Northern Ireland database will follow shortly.
Categories: Resources

August 2011: Southampton's Designated Archaeology Collections

Archaeology Data Service - Mon, 2011-10-03 12:45
Three new archives from excavations in Southampton have been added to this collection. The excavations were carried out in 2008 and 2009 by Thames Valley Archaeological Services and Southern Archaeological Services Ltd and cover sites at 20-26 College Street, Woolston Riverside and The 'Coach House' on Bevois Valley Road. Files available for download include reports, photographs and CAD diagrams.
Categories: Resources

August 2011: Vernacular Architecture Group Bibliography and Cruck database updated

Archaeology Data Service - Mon, 2011-09-12 17:45
These two resources from the Vernacular Architecture Group have been updated with new data and revisions. Some interface changes have also been implemented in order to make the searchable databases easier to use.
Categories: Resources


European Journal of Archaeology - Tue, 2010-12-21 16:56
Categories: Resources

Negotiating the Past in the Present: Italian Prehistory, Civic Museums, and Curatorial Practice in Emilia-Romagna, Italy

European Journal of Archaeology - Tue, 2010-12-21 16:56

The latter half of the nineteenth century witnessed the establishment of prehistoric archaeology as a scientific discipline in Italy, as well as the founding of the Italian nation state. Evolutionism, positivism, and a sense of national identity informed prehistoric research and the activities of individuals, such as Strobel, Pigorini, and Chierici, who are regarded today as the founding fathers of Italian prehistory. It is in this dynamic cultural and political climate that the civic museums of Reggio Emilia, Modena, and Bologna were created, both as a response to intense local archaeological activity and in reaction to the centralizing structure of the newly formed kingdom of Italy. These civic museums were among the first museums of prehistory in Italy and the products of the cultural and political climate of late nineteenth-century Europe. This article explores the circumstances surrounding the foundation of these museums and considers how the work of the first prehistorians and the museums’ own histories, as civic and cultural institutions, continues to affect their role and management in the present.

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