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Cover of British Archaeology

Issue 76

May 2004



Avebury older than Stonehenge - and the ring gets bigger

Small town, big archaolagy

Is Viking ship under hedge?

Rare henge builders' homes revealed

In Brief


My Lord Essex
Exclusive report on the unique Anglo-Saxon chamber tomb

Old stones and the sea
Joanna Wright and Kate Seddon consider island prehistory

Riding into history
Angela Boyle reveals details of the latest chariot burial

The folk that lived in Liverpool
European capital of culture with a rich heritage

So tyger fierce took life away
Sarah Cross reflects on a souvenir pottery mug


War graves, community archarology and metal detectors


Gordon Noble writes


Neil Mortimer rocks with Anglo-Saxon scholar


The Celts: Origins, Myths & Inventions by John Collis

Defying Rome: the Rebels of Roman Britain by Guy de la Bédoyère

Environmental Archaeology: Approaches, Techniques & Applications by Keith Wilkinson & Chris Stevens

Landscapes & Desire: Revealing Britain's Sexually Inspired Sites by Catherine Tuck & Alun Bull

Food, Culture & Identity in the Neolithic & Early Bronze Age by Mike Parker Pearson

Celts from Antiquity by Gillian Carr & Simon Stoddart and Megaliths from Antiquity by Tim Darvill & Caroline Malone

Life & Letters on the Roman Frontier: Vindolanda & its People by Alan K Bowman

The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Worthy Park, Kingsworthy by Sonia Chadwick Hawkes with Guy Grainger

Boundaries in Early Medieval Britain by David Griffiths, Andrew Reynolds & Sarah Semple

Sealed by Time: the Loss & Recovery of the Mary Rose by Peter Marsden

Piltdown Man: the Secret Life of Charles Dawson & the World’s Greatest Archaeological Hoax by Miles Russell

Boudica: Dreaming the Eagle by Manda Scott

CBA update

my archaeology

Ray Mears is moved by aboriginal Britain


ISSN 1357-4442

Editor Mike Pitts


Early Ikea

If you’re going to blow it, you might as well blow it big-time. Inspired by ubiquitous TV archaeology, last summer Marion Garry began auto-excavating her garden in Buckhaven, Fife when she came across some old-looking flat slabs. She alerted archaeologists at Fife Council to her discovery, who in turn thought that Mrs Garry’s dig might represent a significant archaeological find. Situated on a raised beach next to the sea, the site ‘had all the hallmarks of ancient building techniques’ and Fife Council set to excavate. As the work progressed the archaeologists discovered some not-so-ancient artefacts, including a World War II child’s gas mask, and they soon realised that far from uncovering a Viking settlement they were in fact excavating a 1940s patio. ‘Buoyed up by the fact that we were digging for something of some significance, we kind of ignored these tell-tale signs,’ Douglas Spiers, chief archaeologist at Fife Council told BBC Radio Scotland. ‘Looking back now, that probably wasn’t the best approach’.

TC who?

BA readers with long memories and a taste for the odd may recall the name of TC Lethbridge, one-time Anglo-Saxon scholar who excavated what he believed to be prehistoric hill figures in the Gogmagog Hills, Cambridgeshire before getting the hump with the archaeological establishment of the 1950s and retiring to Devon to write about ghosts, dowsing and UFOs. Today Lethbridge’s name is little known, but he hasn’t fallen off the cultural radar of the world at large just yet. A rock’n’roll collective going under the name of The Sons of TC-Lethbridge has recently released A Giant: The Definitive TC Lethbridge, a double CD of music and spoken word in honour of the Great Man. Modern Antiquarian author Julian Cope, members of rock outfit Spiritualized and Colin (The Outsider) Wilson all take part in what surely must be the most extraordinary posthumous festschrift professional archaeology has ever seen. To hear and see more, visit and prepare to have your preconceptions, if not your audio speakers, blown to smithereens.

Wise words

Amid the strife about what is or isn’t going to happen to the Stonehenge landscape, it’s reassuring to know that at least readers of the Guardian’s Wednesday Society supplement are enjoying an informed debate. A letter published on February 11 from Nell Darby of Chipping Norton got to the heart of the matter: ‘The controversy over road upgrading at Stonehenge raises wider issues. Both the A344 and A303 run very near Stonehenge – so why was approval given for these roads in the first place? Everything these days seems to come down to a conflict between cost and environment, and the environment keeps losing out.’ Good question: just who were the nameless bean counters who gave the go-ahead for the A344 (in the 1760s) and A303 (sometime during the early Medieval period), and why have they not been held to account for their short sighted deeds? But Nell Darby’s confusion pales when compared to the story told by an esteemed archaeological correspondent of Spoilheap’s who, following a lecture delivered in Los Angeles concerning Stonehenge, was asked by an audience member Why’d they build it so close to the road?

Two revs and a crowbar

‘National Trust archaeologists have discovered an arc of buried megaliths at Avebury that once formed part of the great stone circle … the world of archaeology suspected that most of these stones had been demolished and lost forever … until now, no-one had realised that some of these stones had survived intact …’ A press release announcing the first geophysics survey of eastern parts of Avebury delivered the stirring news that at least 15 stones of the outer circle, missing and presumed long gone, in fact lay buried beneath Avebury’s well trampled grass (see News). Nobody likes a party pooper, but Spoilheap must direct readers to Rev AC Smith’s 1884 Guide to the British & Roman Antiquities of the North Wiltshire Downs in a Hundred Square Miles Round Abury, and plate V and pages 139-41 in particular. In 1881 the Rev Smith, the Rev WC Lukis and a gang of five hired men spent several days probing the ground with a crowbar around the ‘vacant places’ of Avebury’s outer circle. When they thought they had come across a stone, the turf was stripped to reveal the buried megalith. The exact positions of the stones they discovered – 18 in all – were published along with a decent groundplan. Didn’t the NT know about these fine antiquarian researches, or were the dreaded doctors of spin at work?

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