Research Reports

IA cover First discovered by sport divers in the 1970s, the two remarkable seabed finds of prehistoric bronze metalwork described here quickly became a testing ground for the new discipline of underwater archaeology, initially under the leadership of the pioneering maritime archaeologist Keith Muckelroy. A haul of 361 bronzes from Langdon Bay, Kent, represents one of the largest deposits from Bronze Age Europe. Dating to the thirteenth century BC, the collection is diverse in character and originates in various parts of western Europe and the British Isles. The assemblage from Salcombe, Devon covered here is of similar date with a unique combination of types and materials; further finds have since been made at this site.

by Martin Bell

IA cover Archaeological fieldwork in the inter-tidal zone of the Severn Estuary over the past twenty years has revealed a rich landscape of prehistoric settlement. This latest volume by Professor Martin Bell presents the evidence for the Bronze Age, focusing on sites at Redwick and Peterstone in the Gwent Levels.

IA cover Located on the south side of the River Tees, in north-east England, the Roman villa at Ingleby Barwick is one of the most northerly in the Roman Empire. Discovered originally through aerial photography and an extensive programme of evaluation, the site was excavated in 2003-04 in advance of housing development. Unusually for the region, the site demonstrated evidence for occupation from the later prehistoric period through to the Anglo-Saxon. The excavations at Ingleby Barwick are significant not only for their scale but also for being carried out under modern recording conditions, allowing for extensive and detailed analysis of the finds. The villa is also a rare example of a Roman civilian site in the hinterland of Hadrian’s Wall.

Excavation of a Liberated African Graveyard in Rupert’s Valley, St Helena

Andrew Pearson, Ben Jeffs, Annsofie Witkin & Helen MacQuarrie

St Helena Cover image Britain’s abolition of the slave trade in 1807 did not end the traffic of human beings across the Atlantic. Indeed, for many decades to come, hundreds of thousands of enslaved Africans continued to be shipped into slavery. From 1840 to 1872 the remote South Atlantic island of St Helena played a pivotal role in Britain’s efforts to suppress the slave trade, and over this time it received over 25,000 ‘liberated Africans’, taken from slave ships by Royal Navy patrols. Conditions aboard the slavers were appalling, and many did not survive the journey. Rupert’s Valley therefore became a graveyard to many thousands of Africans – ‘a valley of dry bones’ in the words of a visiting missionary.

by Glenn Foard and Richard Morris

RR168 Cover Warfare looms large in the history of every nation – every country has its Battle of Hastings or Waterloo – yet it is surprisingly difficult to identify battle sites in the landscape. Battlefield archaeology is one of the newest areas of archaeological investigation, originating in work at the Little Bighorn (USA) in 1984.

IA cover The site of La Grava (or Grove Priory) in Bedfordshire, excavated in advance of quarrying between 1973 and 1985, was one of the most extensive monastic/manorial projects of the 20th century in the UK. Excavated originally as a medieval religious house, identified as an alien priory of the Order of Fontevrault in Anjou, the site was to reveal settlement from the Romano-British period to the 16th century. Granted to the Order of Fontevrault in 1164, the priory became the home of the Procurator of the Order in England. From the later 14th century the site reverted to a lay establishment and was held by high-ranking royal women.

50 years of archaeological research in Wessex

Edited by Rowan Whimster

New Antiqs front cover

For many people, Wessex means Stonehenge, Avebury and the other iconic monuments of prehistory. In reality its chalkland landscapes have played host to a far longer and richer sequence of communities – from Palaeolithic hunters to Iron Age farmers and Roman citizens; from Anglo-Saxon settlers and medieval merchants to the navvies who built the Kennet & Avon Canal and the Australian soldiers who trained for the trenches of the First World War.

by Richard Fawcett and Allan Rutherford

Castles front cover

Castles, both ruined and occupied, are amongst the most deeply evocative buildings in the Scottish landscape. This book considers the history of the conservation and restoration of a number of those buildings against the background of what the idea of the castle has meant to Scots over the centuries.

and the Submerged Prehistoric Landscapes of the Solent

Edited by Garry Momber, David Tomalin, Rob Scaife, Julie Satchell and Jan Gillespie

Bouldnor Cover

At the start of the Mesolithic period, some 8000 years ago, sea levels in the North Sea and the English Channel were some 30 to 40m lower than those of today – Britain was a peninsula of northern Europe.

A downland manor in the making

by Gabor Thomas

Bishopstone cover Well known for the Early Anglo-Saxon settlement previously excavated on Rookery Hill and its impressive pre-Conquest church, Bishopstone has entered archaeological orthodoxy as a classic example of a ‘Middle Saxon Shift’.

Material culture in the 4th–5th centuries

edited by Rob Collins and Lindsay Allason-Jones

Finds front cover Finds from the Frontier brings together papers given at a conference held at Newcastle upon Tyne in 2008. Its aim is to elucidate the life of the 4th-century limitanei of Britain through their material culture. The papers consider whether the excavated artefacts justify the traditional implication that the period is one of declining standards and largely come to the conclusion that, on the contrary, the period was rich in artefacts that have much to tell us about the late frontier.

The archaeology of Catholme and the Trent-Tame confluence

Simon Buteux and Henry Chapman

Where Rivers Meet This book is the story of an area of landscape in the English Midlands from earliest prehistory to around AD 900. Although it looks like a typical rural landscape, archaeological research, much of it in advance of quarrying, has revealed that this area has a long and remarkable history of occupation stretching back to the Ice Age.

The rediscovery of Doggerland

by Vincent Gaffney, Simon Fitch & David Smith

RR160: Doggerland

Winner of the 2010 Best Archaeological Book award

This book, which examines climate change in the past, will appeal to anyone with an interest in the history of the North Sea Basin, from archaeologists, geomorphologists and climatologists, to the interested public.

A history and archaeology of the Trent Valley sand and gravel industry

by Tim Cooper

Trent Valley cover The aggregates industry is perhaps the quintessential industry of the 20th century, quite literally shaping our world, but its history and archaeology have arguably been neglected. In this ground-breaking new book, the author Tim Cooper attempts to redress the balance with an in-depth but accessible study of the sand and gravel industry of the Trent Valley in the English Midlands.

‘Lepers Outside the Gate’: Excavations at the cemetery of the Hospital of St James and St Mary Magdalene, Chichester, 1986–87 and 1993

edited by John Magilton, Frances Lee and Anthea Boylston

Lepers cover This report, which forms vol 10 in the Chichester Excavations series, describes and discusses the excavation in 1986–87 and 1993 of almost 400 skeletons from the cemetery of the Hospital of St James and St Mary Magdalene just outside Chichester, West Sussex. Founded as a leper hospital for men in the 12th century, this institution admitted women and children towards the end of the Middle Ages and survived the Reformation by becoming an almshouse for the sick poor.

by Ewan Campbell

Imports cover From the 5th to 8th centuries AD there was a flourishing trade network linking the Atlantic coasts of Britain and Ireland to the Mediterranean and north-west Europe, bringing imported pottery and glass as well as new ideas from these areas.

Essays on Roman London and its hinterland for Harvey Sheldon

edited by John Clark, Jonathan Cotton, Jenny Hall, Roz Sherris and Hedley Swain

Londinium cover This exciting volume pays tribute to the work of the archaeologist Harvey Sheldon, who has been involved in the archaeology of London for over four decades.

Excavation of Cleatham Anglo-Saxon Cemetery

by Kevin Leahy

Interrupting the Pots cover The Cleatham cemetery in North Lincolnshire is, with over 1200 cremations and 62 burials, England’s third largest Anglo-Saxon cemetery. It was in use throughout the early Anglo-Saxon period from the mid-5th century to the late 7th century.

The excavation of an Iron Age ‘marsh-fort’

Edited by Robert Van de Noort, Henry P Chapman and John R Collis

RR154 cover RR154 cover Sutton Common in South Yorkshire is one of the best-known Iron Age multivallate sites in lowland Britain. This volume describes the results of the large-scale excavations undertaken here between 1998 and 2003, which have provided unparalleled insights into the function and meaning of this 4th-century BC ‘marsh-fort’.

Defining, accessing and managing the resource

edited by J Satchell & P Palma

MAG cover Recent decades have witnessed an expansion of archaeological activity under water and in the coastal zone. There has also been a realisation of the threats to this material from human and natural action.

The North Somerset Levels during the 1st to 2nd millennia AD

by Stephen Rippon

Somerset Levels cover This innovative study examines the changing ways that human communities chose to exploit, modify and ultimately transform their environment over two millennia.

by Jeremy Taylor

Roman Atlas cover This publication will present the major findings of a project on the characterisation, mapping and assessment of late prehistoric and Roman rural settlement.

The later Stuart house and society

edited by PS Barnwell & Malcolm Airs

Hearth Tax cover The Hearth Tax (1662–89) is the only national listing of people between the medieval poll taxes and the 19th century census returns. It was a property tax, assumed to approximate to the householders’ wealth, measured by the number of their fireplaces.

The Mesolithic of western Britain

edited by Martin Bell

PCC cover This volume provides ground-breaking new evidence about prehistoric life in Britain – focusing on the little studied communities of the South West and Wales. New evidence from these intertidal and coastal zones now allows a reassessment of Mesolithic people and their settlements, as well as providing valuable case studies from nationally important Bronze Age sites.

Deserted rural settlements in Wales

edited by Kathryn Roberts

Lost farmsteads cover Much of the upland and marginal landscapes of Wales are characterised by an abundance of abandoned houses and farmsteads. These remains are the tangible evidence that for many hundreds of years successive communities occupied and exploited rural areas that are now largely depopulated.